Tuesday, 29 January 2013


The Scrum methodology is an Agile Software Development Process that works as a wrapper with existing engineering practices to iteratively and incrementally develop software. Scrum is composed of the following project management practices:

• The Product Owner creates the requirements, prioritizes them, and documents them in the Product Backlog during Release Planning. In Scrum, requirements are called Features.

• Scrum teams work in short iterations. When Scrum was first defined [16, 29], iterations were 30-days long. More recently Scrum teams often use even shorter iterations, such as two-week iterations. In Scrum, the current iteration is called the Sprint.

• A Sprint Planning Meeting is held with the development team, testers, management, the project manager, and the Product Owner. In the Sprint Planning Meeting, this group chooses which features (which are most often user-visible, user valued, and able to be implemented within one iteration) from the product backlog are to be included in the next iteration, driven by highest business value and risk and the capacity of the team.

• Once the Sprint begins, features cannot be added to the Sprint.

• Short, 10-15 minute Daily Scrum meetings are held. While others (such as managers) may attend these meetings, only the developers and testers and the Scrum Master (the name given to the project manager in Scrum) can speak. Each team member answers the following questions:
o What have you done since the last Daily Scrum?
o What will you do between now and the next Daily Scrum?
o What is getting in your way of doing work?

• At the end of a Sprint, a Sprint Review takes place to review progress and to demonstrate completed features to the Product Owner, management, users, and the team members.

• After the Sprint Review, the team conducts a Retrospective Meeting. In the Retrospective Meeting, the team discusses what went well in the last Sprint and how they might improve their processes for the next Sprint.

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